Scientific Research and Studies Vol. 4(12), pp. 385-393,
Copyright © 2017
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copyright of this article
Full Length Research Paper
agents of infantile diarrhea in Imo State, Nigeria
Nwachukwu I.O.1*, Dozie I.N.S.2, Nwachukwu M.I.1
and Ihenetu F. C.1
Microbiology, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria.
2Department of Public Health, Federal University of Technology,
*Corresponding author. E-mail:
Accepted 21 December, 2017
Bacteriological agents of infantile diarrhea in Imo State,
Nigeria were studied between September 2009 and September 2010.
With wide mouth specimen bottles, stool samples were collected
from six hundred diarrheic infants hospitalized in different
hospitals, and health centers in Imo State were analysed using
standard microbiological methods. The data was collected, sorted
and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS).
Results revealed that out of the 600 infants; made up of 300
males and 300 females, 450 representing 75.0% of the total
number were infected by different bacterial agents, while 250
representing 25.0% were not infected. Different bacterial genera
and their percentage occurrences were observed as follows;
Salmonella sp. (13.3%), Shigella sp. (18.8%),
Escherichia coli (22.2%), Campylobacter sp.
(10.0%), Vibrio cholera (15.5%), Staphylococcus
sp. (8.8%) and Klebsiella sp. (11.1%). Result further
showed that male infants were infected more than females with
percentage levels of 55.5% (P<0.05) and 44.4%, respectively.
Infants between the ages of 49-60 months had the highest
prevalence of 25.5% (P<0.05), while those between 0 and 12
months were least infected with percentage level of 11.1%
(P<0.05). Infants from Okigwe zone were observed to be infected
more with percentage level of 37.7% (P<0.05), followed by those
from Orlu zone (33.3%) and finally Owerri zone (28.8%). Children
whose sources of drinking water are sachet water and bottled
water had the highest and least percentage levels of infection
of 27.7% (P<0.05) and 8.8%, respectively. From the findings,
infantile diarrhea is highly prevalent in Imo State. There is
therefore urgent need for public enlightenment on the public
health implications, need for proper hygiene, as well as
strategies for preventing and controlling the diseases.
Key words: Infantile diarrhea, children, prevalence, Imo
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