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Journal of Scientific Research and  Studies

Journal of Scientific Research and Studies Vol. 4(12), pp. 385-393, December, 2017

ISSN 2375-8791

Copyright 2017

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article

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Full Length Research Paper

Bacteriological agents of infantile diarrhea in Imo State, Nigeria

 

Nwachukwu I.O.1*, Dozie I.N.S.2, Nwachukwu M.I.1 and Ihenetu F. C.1

1Department of Microbiology, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria.
2Department of Public Health, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria.

 

*Corresponding author. E-mail: nwachukwuogechi71@gmail.com
 

Accepted 21 December, 2017

 

 Abstract

 

Bacteriological agents of infantile diarrhea in Imo State, Nigeria were studied between September 2009 and September 2010. With wide mouth specimen bottles, stool samples were collected from six hundred diarrheic infants hospitalized in different hospitals, and health centers in Imo State were analysed using standard microbiological methods. The data was collected, sorted and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Results revealed that out of the 600 infants; made up of 300 males and 300 females, 450 representing 75.0% of the total number were infected by different bacterial agents, while 250 representing 25.0% were not infected. Different bacterial genera and their percentage occurrences were observed as follows; Salmonella sp. (13.3%), Shigella sp. (18.8%), Escherichia coli (22.2%), Campylobacter sp. (10.0%), Vibrio cholera (15.5%), Staphylococcus sp. (8.8%) and Klebsiella sp. (11.1%). Result further showed that male infants were infected more than females with percentage levels of 55.5% (P<0.05) and 44.4%, respectively. Infants between the ages of 49-60 months had the highest prevalence of 25.5% (P<0.05), while those between 0 and 12 months were least infected with percentage level of 11.1% (P<0.05). Infants from Okigwe zone were observed to be infected more with percentage level of 37.7% (P<0.05), followed by those from Orlu zone (33.3%) and finally Owerri zone (28.8%). Children whose sources of drinking water are sachet water and bottled water had the highest and least percentage levels of infection of 27.7% (P<0.05) and 8.8%, respectively. From the findings, infantile diarrhea is highly prevalent in Imo State. There is therefore urgent need for public enlightenment on the public health implications, need for proper hygiene, as well as strategies for preventing and controlling the diseases.

Key words: Infantile diarrhea, children, prevalence, Imo State.

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Vol. 4 Issue 12
 

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