Scientific Research and Studies Vol. 4(11), pp. 318-332,
Copyright © 2017
Author(s) retain the
copyright of this article
Full Length Research Paper
musculoskeletal disorder among health workers: a cross-sectional
survey of National Orthopaedic Hospital, Enugu
IKE Edith Chinonyelum1, NWONU Eunice Ifeyinwa2, UGWU
Stella Ngozika3, OBIDIKE Obinna Reginald4, MOLOBE Ikenna
Daniel5* and ABOLARIN Olatunbosun6
1Department of Training
Schools, Education, Research and Statistics, National Orthopaedic Hospital,
Igbobi, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
2Department of Nursing Sciences, University of Nigeria, Enugu,
3Post Basic School of Nursing, Orthopaedic Nursing Programme,
National Orthopaedic Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.
4National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control,
5Daniel Continental Innovations Services, Nigeria.
6Global Fund and USAID TB Funded Projects, Nigeria.
Accepted 2 November, 2017
This study was carried out to investigate work-related
musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) as it affects five different
health care workers (Doctors, Nurses, Lab Technicians,
Physiotherapists and Health attendants) working in National
Orthopaedic Hospital, Enugu. In this facility based cross-
sectional study, stratified sampling technique was used to
select 210 health workers from the population of interest.
Questionnaire was administered to 210 health workers and a 100%
return rate was achieved. The result revealed that the common
MSD affecting the respondents is low back pain (53.5%) with 80%
of the respondents having occupational lifetime (prevalence)
history of work-related musculoskeletal disorder (WMSDs), a
12-month period prevalence of 69% and a point prevalence of
42.20% were also recorded. The prevalence distribution of WMSD
among the health workers were; Doctors (60.7%), Laboratory
(71.4%), Nurses (78.2%), Physiotherapist (83.3%), and Health
attendants (100%). Working in awkward and cramped position
ranked the highest (73.3%) as a major risk factor contributing
to WMSDs. The table of association revealed profession and
workload as having strong significant relationship with
prevalence of WMSDs (p-value = 0.001; 0.000), respectively,
depicting a strong positive relationship between profession,
workload and prevalence of WMSDs. As revealed by the study, a
large percentage of the study population has WMSDs. Therefore, a
system of hospital workplace safety, continuous education, and
skills development that is based on best available evidence of
quality and safety best practices, as well as communication of
behavior change is recommended.
Key words: Musculoskeletal disorders, health workers,
risk factor, prevalence, orthopaedic hospital.
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