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Journal of Scientific Research and  Studies

Journal of Scientific Research and Studies Vol. 4(11), pp. 318-332, November, 2017

ISSN 2375-8791

Copyright 2017

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article


Full Length Research Paper

Work-related musculoskeletal disorder among health workers: a cross-sectional survey of National Orthopaedic Hospital, Enugu


IKE Edith Chinonyelum1, NWONU Eunice Ifeyinwa2, UGWU Stella Ngozika3, OBIDIKE Obinna Reginald4, MOLOBE Ikenna Daniel5* and ABOLARIN Olatunbosun6

1Department of Training Schools, Education, Research and Statistics, National Orthopaedic Hospital, Igbobi, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria.
2Department of Nursing Sciences, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria.
3Post Basic School of Nursing, Orthopaedic Nursing Programme, National Orthopaedic Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria.
4National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control, Nigeria.
5Daniel Continental Innovations Services, Nigeria.
6Global Fund and USAID TB Funded Projects, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author. E-mail:

Accepted 2 November, 2017




This study was carried out to investigate work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) as it affects five different health care workers (Doctors, Nurses, Lab Technicians, Physiotherapists and Health attendants) working in National Orthopaedic Hospital, Enugu. In this facility based cross- sectional study, stratified sampling technique was used to select 210 health workers from the population of interest. Questionnaire was administered to 210 health workers and a 100% return rate was achieved. The result revealed that the common MSD affecting the respondents is low back pain (53.5%) with 80% of the respondents having occupational lifetime (prevalence) history of work-related musculoskeletal disorder (WMSDs), a 12-month period prevalence of 69% and a point prevalence of 42.20% were also recorded. The prevalence distribution of WMSD among the health workers were; Doctors (60.7%), Laboratory (71.4%), Nurses (78.2%), Physiotherapist (83.3%), and Health attendants (100%). Working in awkward and cramped position ranked the highest (73.3%) as a major risk factor contributing to WMSDs. The table of association revealed profession and workload as having strong significant relationship with prevalence of WMSDs (p-value = 0.001; 0.000), respectively, depicting a strong positive relationship between profession, workload and prevalence of WMSDs. As revealed by the study, a large percentage of the study population has WMSDs. Therefore, a system of hospital workplace safety, continuous education, and skills development that is based on best available evidence of quality and safety best practices, as well as communication of behavior change is recommended.

Key words: Musculoskeletal disorders, health workers, risk factor, prevalence, orthopaedic hospital.

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