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Journal of Scientific Research and  Studies

Journal of Scientific Research and Studies Vol. 6(1), pp. 5-10, April, 2019

ISSN 2375-8791

Copyright 2019

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article

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Full Length Research Paper

Effects of nitrogen fertilizer rate on the essential oil content of Mentha longifolia, Mentha microphyta and Ocimum basilicum plants

 

Mohammed A. Al-Fredan1* and Sulaiman M. Al Fadal2

1King Faisel University, Al-Hassa, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
2King Abdulaziz City for Science & Technology, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
 

*Corresponding author. E-mail: malfredan@kfu.edu.sa
 

Accepted 16 March, 2019

 

 Abstract

 

Nitrogen fertilizers are widely used in agricultural fields to improve crop production. The main objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of nitrogen levels on the quantity and quality of essential oils present in plants of Mentha longifolia, Mentha microphyta and Ocimum basilicum. It was found that these plants had a maximum content of essential oils when 200 kg nitrogen fertilizer was used per hectare. The composition of the essential oil in the tested plant species also differed significantly. The results suggest that the use of nitrogen fertilizers may increase the production of essential oils in plants. The results indicated that the use of nitrogen fertilizers also improves the quality of the essential oils produced in the plants.

Key words: Oil essential quality, essential oil composition, biosynthetic pathway, basil, mint, antimicrobial activity.

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Vol. 6 Issue 1
 

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